POC2021 – Pwning the Windows 10 Kernel with NTFS and WNF Slides

Alex Plaskett presented “Pwning the Windows 10 Kernel with NTFS and WNF” at Power Of Community (POC) on the 11th of November 2021.

The abstract of the talk is as follows:

A local privilege escalation vulnerability (CVE-2021-31956) 0day was identified as being exploited in the wild by Kaspersky. At the time it affected a broad range of Windows versions (right up to the latest and greatest of Windows 10).
With no access to the exploit or details of how it worked other than a vulnerability summary the following plan was enacted:

  1. Understand how exploitable the issue was in the presence of features such as the Windows 10 Kernel Heap-Backed Pool (Segment Heap).
  2. Determine how the Windows Notification Framework (WNF) could be used to enable novel exploit primitives.
  3. Understand the challenges an attacker faces with modern kernel pool exploitation and what factors are in play to reduce reliability and hinder exploitation.
  4. Gain insight from this exploit which could be used to enable detection and response by defenders.

The talk covers the above key areas and provides a detailed walk through, moving from introducing the subject, all the way up to the knowledge which is needed for both offense and defence on modern Windows versions.

The slides for the talk can be downloaded as follows: