Whitepaper – Project Triforce: Run AFL On Everything (2017)

Six years ago, NCC Group researchers Tim Newsham and Jesse Hertz released TriforceAFL - an extension of the American Fuzzy Lop (AFL) fuzzer which supports full-system fuzzing using QEMU - but unfortunately the associated whitepaper for this work was never published. Today, we’re releasing it for the curious reader and historical archives alike. While fuzzing … Continue reading Whitepaper – Project Triforce: Run AFL On Everything (2017)

Whitepaper – Practical Attacks on Machine Learning Systems

This paper collects a set of notes and research projects conducted by NCC Group on the topic of the security of Machine Learning (ML) systems. The objective is to provide some industry perspective to the academic community, while collating helpful references for security practitioners, to enable more effective security auditing and security-focused code review of ML systems. Details of specific practical attacks and common security problems are described. Some general background information on the broader subject of ML is also included, mostly for context, to ensure that explanations of attack scenarios are clear, and some notes on frameworks and development processes are provided.

BAT: a Fast and Small Key Encapsulation Mechanism

In this post we present a newly published key encapsulation mechanism (KEM) called BAT. It is a post-quantum algorithm, using NTRU lattices, and its main advantages are that it is both small and fast. The paper was accepted by TCHES (it should appear in volume 2022, issue 2) and is also available on ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2022/031Continue reading BAT: a Fast and Small Key Encapsulation Mechanism

Paradoxical Compression with Verifiable Delay Functions

We present here a new construction which has no real immediate usefulness, but is a good illustration of a fundamental concept of cryptography, namely that there is a great difference between knowing that some mathematical object exists, and being able to build it in practice. Thus, this construction can be thought of as having some … Continue reading Paradoxical Compression with Verifiable Delay Functions

Research Paper – Machine Learning for Static Malware Analysis, with University College London

For the past few years, NCC Group has been an industry partner to the Centre for Doctoral Training in Data Intensive Science (CDT in DIS) at University College London (UCL). CDT is composed of a group of over 80 academics from across UCL in areas such as High Energy Physics, Astrophysics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, … Continue reading Research Paper – Machine Learning for Static Malware Analysis, with University College London

Investigating Potential Security Vulnerability Manifestation through Various Analyses & Inferences Regarding Internet RFCs (and how RFC Security might be Improved)

Overview RFCs have played a pivotal role in helping to formalise ideas and requirements for much of the Internet's design and engineering. They have facilitated peer review amongst engineers, researchers and computer scientists, which in turn has resulted in specification of key Internet protocols and their behaviours so that developers can implement those protocols in … Continue reading Investigating Potential Security Vulnerability Manifestation through Various Analyses & Inferences Regarding Internet RFCs (and how RFC Security might be Improved)

Double-odd Elliptic Curves

This post is about some new (or sort of new) elliptic curves for use in cryptographic protocols. They were made public in mid-December 2020, on a dedicated Web site: https://doubleodd.group/There is also a complete whitepaper, full of mathematical demonstrations, and several implementations. Oh noes, more curves! Will this never end? It is true that there … Continue reading Double-odd Elliptic Curves

Faster Modular Inversion and Legendre Symbol, and an X25519 Speed Record

Elliptic curves are commonly used to implement asymmetric cryptographic operations such as key exchange and signatures. These operations are used in many places, in particular to initiate secure network connections within protocols such as TLS and Noise. However, they are relatively expensive in terms of computing resources, especially for low-end embedded systems, which run on … Continue reading Faster Modular Inversion and Legendre Symbol, and an X25519 Speed Record

Immortalising 20 Years of Epic Research

In December 2019 we launched this new technical security research blog site. As part of its launch we had cause to revisit our old blog website and found a myriad of forgotten whitepapers and conference presentations spanning NCC Group's history (formation in 1999). Deeply nested on our old blog site we found over 200 whitepapers … Continue reading Immortalising 20 Years of Epic Research

Paper: Thematic for Success in Real-World Offensive Cyber Operations – How to make threat actors work harder and fail more often

tl;dr Today we've released a whitepaper on the key techniques that continue to enable us to breach the largest and most sophisticated organisations on the planet. Organisations that prioritize these areas, and the mitigations we outline, will thwart attacks while making threat actors work harder and ultimately fail more often. Objective The purpose of this … Continue reading Paper: Thematic for Success in Real-World Offensive Cyber Operations – How to make threat actors work harder and fail more often