Impact of DNS over HTTPS (DoH) on DNS Rebinding Attacks

DNS over HTTPS (DoH) is a new protocol to perform DNS resolution over HTTPS. It has been in the news recently as Google and Mozilla have both implemented DoH in Chrome and Firefox respectively. DoH encrypts DNS traffic using HTTPS. This prevents internet service providers and anybody in a privileged network position to observe the … Continue reading Impact of DNS over HTTPS (DoH) on DNS Rebinding Attacks

Whitepaper – Coinbugs: Enumerating Common Blockchain Implementation-Level Vulnerabilities

By Aleksandar Kircanski and Terence Tarvis A good amount of effort has been dedicated to surveying and systematizing Ethereum smart contract security bug classes. There is, however, a gap in literature when it comes to surveying implementation-level security bugs that commonly occur in basic PoW blockchain node implementations, discovered during the first decade of Bitcoin’s … Continue reading Whitepaper – Coinbugs: Enumerating Common Blockchain Implementation-Level Vulnerabilities

Smart Contracts Inside SGX Enclaves: Common Security Bug Patterns

Running smart contracts in a Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) such as Intel Software Guard Extensions (SGX) to preserve the confidentiality of blockchain transactions is a novel and not widely understood technique. In this blog post, we point out several bug classes that we observed in confidential smart contract designs and implementations in our recent client … Continue reading Smart Contracts Inside SGX Enclaves: Common Security Bug Patterns

A Survey of Istio’s Network Security Features

Istio is a service mesh, which, in general, exist as a compliment to container orchestrators (e.g. Kubernetes) in order to provide additional, service-centric features surrounding traffic management, security, and observability. Istio is arguably the most popular service mesh (using GitHub stars as a metric). This blog post assumes working familiarity with Kubernetes and microservices, but … Continue reading A Survey of Istio’s Network Security Features

Reviewing Verifiable Random Functions

While Verifiable Random Functions (VRFs) were first described just over twenty years ago [1], they have recently seen a strong resurgence in popularity due to their usefulness in blockchain applications [2]. This blog post will introduce VRFs in the context of other well-known cryptographic primitives, describe three example use cases, and then highlight over two … Continue reading Reviewing Verifiable Random Functions

Whitepaper – Microcontroller Readback Protection: Bypasses and Defenses

By Sultan Qasim Khan Microcontrollers commonly include features to prevent the readout of sensitive information in internal storage. Such features are commonly referred to as readback protection or readout protection. This paper describes common readback protection implementation flaws, discusses techniques that can be used to defeat readback protection, and provides guidance to implement effective readback … Continue reading Whitepaper – Microcontroller Readback Protection: Bypasses and Defenses

Improving Software Security through C Language Standards

This blog post describes my history with the C Standards Committee, the work standards organizations are currently doing in software security, and the future of NCC Group's work in improving software security by working with the C Standards Committee and other standardzation efforts. Past I became involved with the C Standards Committee (more formally, ISO/IEC … Continue reading Improving Software Security through C Language Standards

Deep Dive into Real-World Kubernetes Threats

On Saturday, February 1st, I gave my talk titled “Command and KubeCTL: Real-World Kubernetes Security for Pentesters” at Shmoocon 2020. I’m following up with this post that goes into more details than I could cover in 50 minutes. This will re-iterate the points I attempted to make, walk through the demo, and provide resources for … Continue reading Deep Dive into Real-World Kubernetes Threats

Technical Advisory – playSMS Pre-Authentication Remote Code Execution (CVE-2020-8644)

Vendor: playSMS Vendor URL: https://playsms.org/ Versions affected: Before 1.4.3 Systems Affected: All Author: Lucas Rosevear Advisory URL / CVE Identifier: CVE-2020-8644 Risk: Critical Summary: PlaySMS is an open source SMS gateway, which has a web management portal written in PHP. PlaySMS supports a custom PHP templating system, called tpl (https://github.com/antonraharja/tpl). PlaySMS double processes a server-side … Continue reading Technical Advisory – playSMS Pre-Authentication Remote Code Execution (CVE-2020-8644)