Exploring Prompt Injection Attacks

Have you ever heard about Prompt Injection Attacks[1]? Prompt Injection is a new vulnerability that is affecting some AI/ML models and, in particular, certain types of language models using prompt-based learning.  This vulnerability was initially reported to OpenAI by Jon Cefalu (May 2022)[2] but it was kept in a responsible disclosure status until it was … Continue reading Exploring Prompt Injection Attacks

Technical Advisory – NXP i.MX SDP_READ_DISABLE Fuse Bypass (CVE-2022-45163)

Vendor: NXP Semiconductors Vendor URL: https://www.nxp.com Affected Devices: i.MX RT 101x, i.MX RT102x, i.MX RT1050/6x, i.MX 6 Family, i.MX 7 Family, i.MX8M Quad/Mini, Vybrid Author: Jon Szymaniak <jon.szymaniak(at)nccgroup.com> CVE: CVE-2022-45163 Advisory URL: https://community.nxp.com/t5/Known-Limitations-and-Guidelines/SDP-Read-Bypass-CVE-2022-45163/ta-p/1553565 Risk: 5.3 (CVSS:3.0/AV:P/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N), 2.6 if C:L, 0.0 if C:N Summary NXP System-on-a-Chip (SoC) fuse configurations with the SDP READ_REGISTER operation disabled (SDP_READ_DISABLE=1) … Continue reading Technical Advisory – NXP i.MX SDP_READ_DISABLE Fuse Bypass (CVE-2022-45163)

Technical Advisory – OpenJDK – Weak Parsing Logic in java.net.InetAddress and Related Classes

Vendor: OpenJDK Project Vendor URL: https://openjdk.java.net Versions affected: 8-17+ (and likely earlier versions) Systems Affected: All supported systems Author: Jeff Dileo <jeff.dileo[at]nccgroup[dot]com> Advisory URL / CVE Identifier: TBD Risk: Low (implicit data validation bypass) Summary The private static InetAddress::getAllByName(String,InetAddress) method is used internally and by the public static InetAddress::getAllByName(String) to resolve host or IP strings … Continue reading Technical Advisory – OpenJDK – Weak Parsing Logic in java.net.InetAddress and Related Classes

Technical Advisory – Multiple Vulnerabilities in Juplink RX4-1800 WiFi Router (CVE-2022-37413, CVE-2022-37414)

Juplink's RX4-1800 WiFi router was found to have multiple vulnerabilities exposing its owners to potential intrusion in their local WiFi network and complete overtake of the device. An attacker can remotely take over a device after using a targeted or phishing attack to change the router's administrative password, effectively locking the owner out of their … Continue reading Technical Advisory – Multiple Vulnerabilities in Juplink RX4-1800 WiFi Router (CVE-2022-37413, CVE-2022-37414)

There’s Another Hole In Your SoC: Unisoc ROM Vulnerabilities

UNISOC (formerly Spreadtrum) is a rapidly growing semiconductor company that is nowadays focused on the Android entry-level smartphone market. While still a rare sight in the west, the company has nevertheless achieved impressive growth claiming 11% of the global smartphone application processor market, according to Counterpoint Research. Recently, it's been making its way into some … Continue reading There’s Another Hole In Your SoC: Unisoc ROM Vulnerabilities

SETTLERS OF NETLINK: Exploiting a limited UAF in nf_tables (CVE-2022-32250)

Introduction netlink and nf_tables Overview Sets Expressions Set Expressions Stateful Expressions Expressions of Interest nft_lookup nft_dynset nft_connlimit Vulnerability Discovery CVE-2022-32250 Analysis Set Creation Set Deactivation Initial Limited UAF Write Exploitation Building an Initial Plan Offsets We Can Write at Into the UAF Chunk Hunting for Replacement Objects What Pointer Do We Want to Arbitrary Free? … Continue reading SETTLERS OF NETLINK: Exploiting a limited UAF in nf_tables (CVE-2022-32250)

NCC Con Europe 2022 – Pwn2Own Austin Presentations

Cedric Halbronn, Aaron Adams, Alex Plaskett and Catalin Visinescu presented two talks at NCC Con Europe 2022. NCC Con is NCC Group's annual private internal conference for employees. We have decided to publish these 2 internal presentations as it is expected that the wider security community could benefit from understanding both the approach and methodology … Continue reading NCC Con Europe 2022 – Pwn2Own Austin Presentations

Wheel of Fortune Outcome Prediction – Taking the Luck out of Gambling

Authored by: Jesús Miguel Calderón Marín Introduction Two years ago I carried out research into online casino games specifically focusing on roulette. As a result, I composed a detailed guide with information on classification of online roulette, potential vulnerabilities and the ways to detect them[1]. Although this guideline was particularly well-received by the security community, … Continue reading Wheel of Fortune Outcome Prediction – Taking the Luck out of Gambling

Technical Advisory – Multiple vulnerabilities in Nuki smart locks (CVE-2022-32509, CVE-2022-32504, CVE-2022-32502, CVE-2022-32507, CVE-2022-32503, CVE-2022-32510, CVE-2022-32506, CVE-2022-32508, CVE-2022-32505)

The following vulnerabilities were found as part of a research project looking at the state of security of the different Nuki (smart lock) products. The main goal was to look for vulnerabilities which could affect to the availability, integrity or confidentiality of the different devices, from hardware to software. Eleven vulnerabilities were discovered. Below are … Continue reading Technical Advisory – Multiple vulnerabilities in Nuki smart locks (CVE-2022-32509, CVE-2022-32504, CVE-2022-32502, CVE-2022-32507, CVE-2022-32503, CVE-2022-32510, CVE-2022-32506, CVE-2022-32508, CVE-2022-32505)

Technical Advisory – ExpressLRS vulnerabilities allow for hijack of control link

Vendor: ExpressLRS Vendor URL: https://expresslrs.org Versions affected: 1.x, 2.x Author: Richard Appleby Severity: Medium 7.5 AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H Summary ExpressLRS is a high-performance open source radio control link. It aims to provide a low latency radio control link while also achieving maximum range. It runs on a wide variety of hardware in both 900 Mhz and 2.4 … Continue reading Technical Advisory – ExpressLRS vulnerabilities allow for hijack of control link